Capital
current time and date
currency: Dalasi (GMD)
Population
Official languages
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Area
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Life expectancy
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National anthem
GDP (PPP)
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Coat of arms
Gambia profile
almost an enclave of Senegal;

smallest country on the continent of Africa
Gambia history
The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then. Yahya JAMMEH led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity. A new constitution and presidential elections in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. JAMMEH has been elected president in all subsequent elections including most recently in late 2011.
interesting Gambia facts
Conventional long form: Republic of The Gambia

Conventional short form: The Gambia
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Gambia's capital city is Banjul
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Gambia Constitution:

approved by national referendum 8 August 1996;

effective 16 January 1997
Gambia facts for kids
Gambia population growth rate: 2.344%
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Gambia highest point: unnamed elevation 53 m
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Gambia lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
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About 40% of Gambia's land is arable.
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Gambia birth rate is 33 births/1,000 population
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Gambia infant mortality rate is 70 deaths/1,000 live births
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Gambia fertility rate is 3.98 children born/woman
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Gambia climate:

tropical;

hot, rainy season (June to November);

cooler, dry season (November to May)
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Top 10 cities of Gambia with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Brikama: 77,700
2. Bakau: 43,098
3. Banjul: 34,589
4. Farafenni: 29,867
5. Lamin: 24,797
6. Sukuta: 15,131
7. Basse Santa Su: 14,380
8. Gunjur: 14,088
9. Soma: 9,869
10. Sabi: 7,738
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Gambia ethnic groups:

African - 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%)

non-African - 1%
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Gambia Exports:

peanut products

fish

cotton lint

palm kernels
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Gambia Imports:

foodstuffs

manufactures

fuel

machinery and transport equipment
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unicameral National Assembly (53 seats; 48 members elected by popular vote, 5 appointed by the president; members to serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
5 divisions

1. Central River
2. Lower River
3. North Bank
4. Upper River
5. Western

1 city

1. Banjul
Political parties and leaders:
Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction (APRC) - Yahya JAMMEH (the ruling party)

Gambia People's Democratic Party (GPDP) - Henry GOMEZ

National Alliance for Democracy and Development (NADD) - Halifa SALLAH

National Convention Party (NCP) - Sheriff DIBBA

National Reconciliation Party (NRP) - Hamat BAH

People's Democratic Organization for Independence and Socialism (PDOIS) - Halifa SALLAH

United Democratic Party (UDP) - Ousainou DARBOE